L’antropologia di Antonia Bertocchi

Marks  of ” The People of the Sun”  by f Heliopolitan Theology  impressed on Ello’s menhir?



XXIII Valcamonica  SYMPOSIUM   2009

Arte Preistorica e Tribale

28 ottobre – 2 novembre


“Produrre storia dalla preistoria: il ruolo dell’arte rupestre”.


Ello (Ell – dialect ) is an urban district of  1.110 inhabitants in Province of Lecco (Lombardia-Italy )      and a farmer and industrial centre of Brianza) placed on green western lopes of Mount  Regina

(817 mt.) to SE of Annone Lake. It is  known in the field of  Pre.historic Art,  because in the place  of Boggia  has been discovered  a mysterious rock, an historiated   menhir  on which are  engraved a solar disk with three rays  and an human figure  with a crown and an axe, and a solar disk pointed into its centre (Copper age: IV°-III° b.C.) (http://www.scoprilecco.it/archeologia/ello/ello.html

This discovery is happened within a part of an  builtnup area  which has given back Square Mouth Pottery( Neolithic Age: VI°- IV° mill. b.C.) and many others  bronze  weapons, the most ancient  in Norhern Italy.


Table  1: Hello Menhir http://www.scoprilecco.it/archeologia/ello/ello.html










Casini S. and Fossati A 81994 p.93), have supposed that   “disks and circle should  precede  the anthropomorphous  and axe : in fact disk  with three raies and axe are

 present on monuments  as  Cornal, Caven 3 and Valgella.

Table  2

    Cornal,               Caven 3             (Teglio Valtellina)Valgella 





These  ancient steles  has been  attribute to “an ancient period of the evolutionary process  of  monumentl compositions which  is carried out in copper age and which forsees the progressive

passsage passage from an  almost  abstract symbolism  to the anthropomrphous   representation

(De Marinis 1988 pp.143-144): ; Poggiani-Keller R. 1989 fig.23; 3-5)

During this work I am not interested to the anthropomorphous, because it has been  observed   that   “The type of stone of Ello’s  menhir  isent’  suitable for a careful piece of work , and then the quality of  historization , particularly those  regarding human figure  results very  rough  (Casini- Fossati  -quoted )


Table  3  Rock of sun (Paspardo) and Borno Rock




Gaspani A. (2008) has  put to comparaison  the  three tailed disck of  Ello with the cycle-morph symbol  (in  the same way mysterious ) engraved on the  rock surface  near  “Capitello two  pines” at Paspardo  (Valcamonica: on the left ) and with the rock of Borno  (Valcamonica: on the right)  hypothesizing  that these  representations  should to keep  the historical memory of  the dawn fall of an asteroid (perhaps that of Koefels  or the direct observation of its falling.

www.ecoantropolgia.net, Padani mysteries http://antikitera.forumattivo.com/archeologia-in-italia-f1/


Table 4  Gaspani Reproductions od Ello menhir


In fact also previously  Gaspani (2000)  ascertaining  the strong resemblance between  Camunians ‘symbols  and  Valtellina’s ones,  had  thought that it should  may be a  theomorphous  symbol

representing something of extraordinary  really observed in the sky  “by peoples  geographically  distant between them and  endowed with  a  different culture . They were  gave evidence  of  the same  event  : perhaps the appearance of a very l bright  comet  passed between two stars which can be seen  with the  naked eye“. In  reason of the fact  that  anthropomorphous  should represent a  praying figure. The impression is that of  a praying man turned to a sky in which  stands out  a three talled  symbol between the two others : this suggests  by itself the idea that the symbolized  object could  and  be seen high in  the sky and than it were an astronomical  object”


And it is just on this  symbol  I have focalized my attention , but  preliminarily, it ought to make clear that we dont’ to exclude that  Raetic Alps peoples  should be  characterized by cultural homogeneity or common cultural  roots,  dating back to proto-historic age. On the contrary, Camunis  (or Camunnis’ )dont’  be limited to Camonica Valley  (perhaps their latest  haunt )  having been described  by ancient authors as a “Raetic Culture “because regarding  Raetic Alps  enclosing Valtellina. ( http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antichi_Camuni )

Classical sources have been considered  reliable  within academic framework  by  De Marinis  R. (1988b) and  Fedele  F. (1988) which have connected Camuni to Raetic environment, on the basis of common heritage of manners and social accessories of a region conteined between  Italian Alps and  the hight region of Reno. http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Shepherd-c-026-027.jpg cartina

Obiouvsly   the first communities of neolitic  farmers  coming out from Delta of Nile River  and from  Palestina’s  and Danube Region , completed one-another with those of hunter- gatherers , which were  starting from Superior Paleolithic , forming  settlements  scattered as leopard spots.  (Castelletti L 2009. personal correspondence)


Table 5  Raetic Region


Please  tale also notice of


Table 6 Language Homogeneity of  Raetic Region http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Socii

Linguistic map of Italy in the 6th century BC. Gallic tribes (in dark blue) had already colonised the region of Piedmont. By 400 BC, they had overrun much of the rest of the Po plain in the North, and Gaulish dialects had displaced Lepontic, Raetic, Etruscan and N. Picene in that region. Raetic survived in the Alps and Etruscan in its heartland, Etruria south of the Appenines. Note the tiny area occupied by the original Latins. Clour scheme: green shades Italic languages; red Etrusco-Raetic; blue Celtic; mauve Illyrian; yellow Greek



Also Gaspani  has been appealed by this symbol  formed by a  series of three concentric disks

by which emerge three series of divergent rays  directed  toward the lower  part ” because it

is engraved also on others nine rocks  and rock-steles, discovered in Camunian  Valley and Valtellina.  The analysis conducted by refined Information Technology of “pattern processing”,

has revealed that the ten symbols are highly  correlated  between them, even if they  are  engraved on finds  discovered  to several kilometres of distance between one another, and  more that very probably    they trace back their origin by that of Paspardo


It is a very charming symbol, about which it was advanced the hypothesis that the three solar disks  may to represent the sunset on the horizon in front of the  lying below landscape, during Solstices and Equinoces (.Codebò M., Barale P., Castelli M., De Santis H., Fratti L., Gervasoni E. (1999)



In this case the metaphorical process  had work both on the  evident  dimensions and on the life force of the sun, considered  sacred, immanent and  magic , because it culminates both during  Summer Solstice and midday. In fact we cannot  exclude that the three solar disks being concentric,  may to mould and  emulate  circadian cycle during its three daily phases: as to say :little at the  daybreak,  greater at the midday and maximum to the sunset.

These interpretations are reinforced by the very satisfactory explication of the strange “U” furrows   engraved on  the theomorphous  petroglyph of Caven 3 Stele , Cornal, Borno 1 , Osimo C side, and others  sites.

In fact, on these petroglyphs,  is  faithfully engraved a way to furrow  the fields still practised at  Folk level and photographed by the authors into the fields (of  bottom of he valley  lying below )  furrowed   by several  curved and  parallel marks , having the form of an “U”(alphabetical  letter ). Brunod G. ( 1997 p.58)  has found  correspondences  in the way of furrow  fields in  Spain-

 (Brunod  G. -1997 p.58   http://www.archaeoastronomy.it/lettera_all’astronomia.htm)


On the basis of  evidences I am showing by this paper,  I think that the symbolic conteiner  of the  three tailed   disk is one among  many  proof, I am gathering (Bertocchi A. 2008 a); Bertocchi A. 2009 a ) about  the presence of cultural  marks  brought  by peoples coming out from Nile  Delta  in Proto-historic age, previous or contemporary  to the age of immigrations of farmers  and breeders coming out by  Middle eastern countries and  Balcan ones’ .


These  problems  may be  placed correctly by  an  ethno-anthropological  and historical-religious  approach, able to frame them  into ideology of solar cults, (being inscribed  into the arched  form of furrows)  which has been utilized for expressing myte-rite systems of agrarian type, having the goal to sustain practical needs by  magic-religious aims and  elaborated with the intent to obtain optimum conditions  in  capturing  sun  rays   by ears of corn and to obtain their better  maturity and the best  crop,  made possible by  ploughing  technics: that at “U”,  probably  suitable  to the  wheat cultivation in the  steep  alpine  highlands .

It is well true that these type of forrows  dont’ appear into this three tailed sun, but it, being engraved by three sun , very probably belongs  to an agrarian  myte-rite system , of which the others steles offer to us  the frame.

At the light of  Comparative History of Religion , we can  deduce that  into it,  it  is operating  a process of codification  belonging to a  methaphorical type and process,  regarding the cycle: life-death -resurrection  and the world of  the dead  into its’ relationships  with  fields fertility.

Since the most ancient and important  finds  of solar cults  connected to agriculture into Mediterranean area, were  coming from Ancient  Egypt, it is  necessary to start from egyptian solar symbols and cults. We start  from the solar disk  pointed into  its centre which in  Egypt language is expressed by the hierogliph  determinative  pointed into the centre  formed by  syllable of two letters , to be pronounced “Ra”  and is  the name of the god of Sun. Well then it is possible to recognize  some  isomorphism  between egyptian  hierogliphs  of the sun and  the Proto-camuno period one.


Table 7: Isomorphisms  between  egyptian hierogliph of sun and  that Protocamunian


The great elk belongs  to  Proocamuno period

 http://www.arterupestre.it/arterupestre/museo/proto3.html (Datazione del Potocamuno : 8.500-5.500 a.C).  This means  that peoples coming out from Nile delta  up to Alpine area, brought  myte-poietic  and ritual systems having a solar-agrarian character ,elaborate since Predynastic period, starting  from saharian  beginnings.


Table 8:Virtual Museum of Camunian  Rock Art

















Prima del
6000 a.C. 5500 a.C.










4000 a.C.










Di transiz.


3200 a.C.












Table  9: Ramses II°  Title

http://www.cartigli.it/Storica/Titolatura.htm-V Riga:

SA RA: Ra MS SW MR AMON  (Sun of Ra (Ra has given birth to him- loved by Amon)


Table 10 : Concordances egyptian camunian

In these Hierogliphs  conconrdances  egiptian/camunian regarding the image of the sun  rising at the horizon  and  the sentence in hieroglyph with determinative  pointing out the sun, rising at the horizon,  whose structure is exactly alike that of Camunian steles. In this compative frame it is particulary  meaningful its contextual placing into the representation of  the “Aker”: the  double lion, symbolizing the doors of earth ,every morning the sun is walking through , and  into the representation of “Ra into Duat”  which  brings again us to agrarian cults of death  and resurrection. About Aker symbology see also. http://www.duat.it/egittologia_000023.htmhttp://www.popolizio.com/kmt/aker.html– http://www.touregypt.net/HistoricalEssays/hyrotutor/Learninghieroglyphs3.htm

Regarding  symbology ::www.ecoanropologia.net (home page)


Moreover, for exemple  of  the sentence with determinative which means wbn ra m 3xt:il “sun  rising to the horizon ,we can observe: G43-D58-N35 wbn ,verb ” to rise” with determinative N8 mark which  indicates the rising of the sun ; D21-D36 ra =  sun with determinative of the god Ra A40 ( please to remember that  son aster  was  really  identified with the divinity of Sun, as to say: Ra); G17  is  for “over ,on “; at least N27-X1&Z1 3xt indicates the horizon  mark (N27), X1 is  a phonetic complement   and Z1 is the diacritic  mark  meaning  that in this case  N27 assumes just  the function  of ideogram  (http://www.geroglifici.it/determinativi.htm( GardinerA:1957) 


However  the most final prove consists into the careful investigation of this symbol by Betrò M.C.(1995) who, explaining the meaning of the symbol , quotes the  gloss of  Carlsberg  Papyrus 7  in which  the three-tailed sun is  pointed out ad the  mark of identity of a  mysterious “Poeple  of Sun” of Heliopolitan Theology as to say “The people of God Atum “  hnmmt” (associated to  p’t

and  to  rhyt ) which  quotation is very ancient and of which  Egyptologists Gardiner and  Gunn have underlined  the meaning of  People on which the sun shines ” and their connection with the rising sun and  the new king … This  expression   seems  to be used for  identify  the  egyptians   their-same ( Betrò  M.C. quot. p.152

As  it is  ascertaining in the course of  this  research, I am putting  to disposition of researchers an innovator method of ethno-anthropological type, able to integrate the several field of human and  natural sciences. I have elaborate it on the basis of  epistemology and systemics  regarding  the  symbolic conteiners  produced by  myte-rites systems. In this way it is possible  to lay a scientific  foundation   of problems of research  and interpretation regarding immaterial culture,  which cant’  be understood  and decoded  by  human sciences tools only.


Table 11  : sun  with rays

Table by Betro M.C.1995 p..152


Determinative or ideogram  into substantives connected with solar radiation ..3hw” Light, splendor!,psd=to splend, stwt=raggi. From  wbn”rise” phonetic value  wbn. . It is also the ideogram  (or  phonema ) for hnmmt, the  name of the mysterious (People of Sun” of Heliopolitan Theology.,( It is also the ideogram  (or  phonema  ) for the name of the mysterious (People of Sun” of Heliopolitan Theology” (Comment to the table  by Betro-Table 12 )

I think that this word ” hnmmt ” formed by  5 consonants about which  we dont’ know intervocalical phonetics , could have some  relationships with the name of Camuni or Camunni  (Ka  Amun:  people of  Amon? ).

Until recently, the Sumerians of Babylon have been credited with the earliest writing, sometime before 3000 B.C. But  according with  Betrò M.C. 1995 pp 11-13)  in 1998, German archaeologist Gunter Dreyer found tablets in southern Egypt that carbon dated to 5300 B.C. Those writings were line drawings of animals, plants and mountains   the first signs of hieroglyphics  which Gunter believes are records of taxes for linen and oil deliveries during the reign of King Scorpion I.”

The Japan Times, December 17, 1998







Table   12 Hieroglyphs as first example of   a phonetic writing , by King Scorpion  tomb. (Abydos  IVth.° millennium  b;C


415 x 239 – 26k – jpg – www.trussel.com/prehist/tablet.jpg

Dreyer G. (1992 ):  Inardi M, (2006).   




Further Anati E. (1966 p. 88) in his  monography on”Borno rock” came to the conclusion that it, “like  many other  similar monuments  was the expression of a prehistoric religion of an enormous expansion  starting from Neolithic age  and persistent up to Bronze Age gradually penetrating into the most  hidden corners of  European continent”.

He reproduces  Lagundo stele 3 and 4 ( from Alto Adige) , very interesting because  show a kind of a dagger   known in ancient Egypt   and used into Pyramid  Texts  in the 3rd millennium b.C.  The name of this Hieroglyph was ” t p y” meaning  “dominator” “owner”, the fist”( Gardiner A. 1954 p.511 n. T,8)

Table 13:  Lagundo  Stele by Anati E. (1966 fig.43 p.81))





Table 14:  tpy  hieroglyph d ( http://glyphics.info/glyph/78


tpy                        first                 adjective

tpy                        beginning         noun

tpy                        chief                adjective

tpy                        to breathe        verb

tp                          first                 adjective


At first sight these correspondences lay us  bewildered,  because Alpine marks are chronologically precedents to the hieroglyph egyptian system , but  this problem may be clarified at the light of the fact that the hieroglyph  egyptian system  presupposes an ideological system   of a magic-religious kind, very  complex  and coded since an Archaic  age

Betrò, having  setting aside  the theory of a derivation of egyptian hieroglyphs by  the sumerians one’s   has demonstrated that   “hieroglyphs  writing   breaks into history as an divine  gift..the repertory of  hieroglyphs  in a grate part  documented into archaic inscriptions, drew to the       autochthon heritage: the study of the most ancient version of classical hieroglyphs,  is a   mine of anthropological informations regarding the more ancient phases of the  formation of egyptian civilization  and  often  Paleography and  Archeology  illuminate each others: It is possible that the

anonymous scribes   who  made to  point into a definitive way  the hieroglyph code,  should have  drown  to the  stylistic tradition  of predynastic painting  which had  made perfect since precedent centuries  elaborated  rules of representation (Betrò M.C. 1995 pp 11-13).

One prove  is  this pottery fragment  of a vessel belonging to the II° Dynasty (2.800 B.C )coming from  the Tomb of  Peribsen -(Donanoni-Roveri A.M. and Tiradritti F.-a cura di- 1998) into which the hieroglyphs of the sun  pointed , clearly shows the  phonetic syllabus “Ra”.We also must to pay attention to the fact that Bernal M. (1994 p .XVI°) has  retrodated  the Second Dynasty to the, 3.200 b.C. and this means that we can deduce hat the presence of this symbol in Alpine area   can   ascend again   only   to precedent ages, even if, obiouvsly  in this specific case  it could be engraved in a posterior period, being the well known  ethni-resistence  of Folk traditions  trough space and time


Table 15:  Pottery fragment of a vessel belonging to the II° Dynasty (3.200 b.C



By consequence the three-tailed Sun is a  symbolic conteiner which  keeps an iconological continuity  extended  from saharian  abysses of Pre-Dynastic and runs across dynastic ages identfying the mysterious people of the Sun , about which  there is still all to be discovered : That mades  sensible  the hypothesis that ethnical groups coming from  Nile delta  (since  pre-dynastic age)   carrying out  agriculture in Italy and in  Europe, (together with  their  myte-rites systems )

should prefer   during their first migratory  processes   to go up again the  Po river and others padanian rivers   with the aim to settle   into  mountain zones  rather than  onto the  Padan Plain very hazardous being full of  marches, forestes , whirlpools.  which made  Po River  navigable with difficulty and  the field always   submitted to the risk of inoundations. only in bronze age  the development of  egyptian and sumerian hydraulic engineering will allow.


The centre of the egyptian cult of the Sun, were Heliopolis   (suburb of Cairo city called by egyptians  Huno Heliopolis (or On) (Greek: λίου πόλις or λιούπολις), meaning sun-city, was one of the most ancient cities of Egypt, and capital of the 13th Lower Egyptian nome. The city’s Egyptian name (shown in hieroglyphs, right, transliterated ỉwnw), is often transcribed as Iunu (literally “[place of] pillars”), and was often written in Greek as ν On, and in biblical Hebrew as אןÔn and און Āwen.( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heliopolis_(ancient)

This centre were very important above all at the beginning of the egyptian history: Perhaps it was the capital of the country during pre-dynastic age., because its theology were the more ancient. .Instead its priests  were very important during the Ancient Kingdom. The tutor God of Heliopolis was Ra  who had a great  prestige  above all during the First Dynasty when pharaohs  used to enclose into their names   the term “Ra” . http://digilander.libero.it/ombradeglidei/mappa.htm

 The God Ra  assimilated to Atum,  being embodied   into the Phoenix   and into Mnevis bull. In Heliopolis. just in honour of Ra , kings of the  V Dynasty  build  their temples . The clergy of Heliopolis was, during the wole history of the Egypt,  one of he most important and  influential. (www. sapere_it eliopoli.mht)


Its religious importance ascients to Predynastic period  results by the pre-eminence  of the local God Atum,  primordial divinity  of Heliopolitan  . Ennead  . Atum is followed by four divinity : Shu 8air) and Tefnut (water)  Geb  (earth)  and Nut (sky), by which descend  the four generations of Gods: Osiris. Iisis, Seth and  Nefty (www.sapere_it eliopoli.mht).


Table 16 :  Heliopolis hierogliph

  Eliopoli in scrittura geroglifica





ỉwnw – Iunu – la città dei pilastri

http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eliopolihttp://www.archaeogate.org/spid/disp_pic.php?cat=delta_nilo&pic=1 Eliopolis  belongs to the  13°  nomo and  is translated in egyptian as  ” Iunu”


Iunu, the egyptian name of Heliopolis  brings  a linguistic bases enclosed in many toponimous of Tanspadanian  regions of a probable  egyptian or accadic-sumerian origin , I am interested to,

in order to  substain the hypotesis of an egyptian presence in Padanian  Valley (Bertocchi A. 2008; 2009).For example. Saronno (into Varese province )  seems  to  descend by Sa-Ra-On (Hun-on) and to mean : “son of Ra”, as to say “the city of Sun” ( with Saronni = italian surname, Sharon = female inglish name and jewish name: “ Sharon (Hebrew: שָׁרוֹן‎, Tiberian Hebrew: Šārôn, Spanish: Sharòn, Portuguese: Sharão) can be a female or male name which can be spelled with one “r” or two (Sharron] It also refers to several places in the world.”:- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sharon)


These etymologies will stop to seem rash to the light of those  at last accepted by  academics as .it. Onofrio from Unnefer  (english :Humphrey)= the good the perfect person; Susanna from Sashen = she of the Loto and Isidoro (from Isis has done- doro being greek word meaning gift) (( Jacq. C. 1995  pp137-138; Capart J. 2008 p.56.

In the same way  it is possible  to draw Matilde from Maat,  Ramon from Ra.Amon and Orazio, orazione  from Ra-Harakhty( horakty):Please see on this topic  the  forum of  http://www.cairomontenotte.com/abramo/antares/2003/24.html )


Regarding “Ello” (Dialect Ell), it  may derive from  Ellu, which  Semerano G. (1984 p, 632) derives from accadic “high”, meaning ” superior” and god  (quoted  p.693); word indicating also acropolis (elu-elium (ivi p. 516)(as  Ilio-Troia):

In fact Ello  is to an  altitude of 817 m  on sea level .Very significant  is the fact that Atum, born from the primordial ocean (the Nun,  similar to the Po Valley  always  invaded by  water ) in order to give  beginning  to the creation,  went up an hill :http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cosmogonia-

Analogous is the  greek voice “Helios” the God of Sun  called by the Romans  “Elio”  derived by  that of  the semitic God “El”  (Hebrew: אל‎; Greek: Ελ) or Eli is the Northwest Semitic word and name either translated into English as “god” or “God” or left untranslated as El, depending on the context) , which has correspondence in Ugaritic, Phoenician, Hebrew, Accadic and  Aramaic  language. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/El_(god)#Linguistic_forms_and_meanings


Camunian rose , an agyptian symbol?

The  presence, in Lecco’s province and in Val Camonica   of egyptian communities  could be further confermed  by the comparative study   of the egyptian determinative for “city” expressed by the ideogram , it is also into  the coat of arms of Heliopolis,  meaning  “city”, to be read Niwt ( Niut )

(http://www.cartigli.it/Linguistica/geroglifici.htm )


It has a very surprising  resemblance with the camunian rose, which has been  found for  92 times among  the  350.000 rock art engravings.( http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosa_camuna) .

According to  Brunod G.- Ferreri W.- Ragazzi G.( 1999) the most ancient  exemple  of “rose” belongs to the Vucedol culture : the artist has enclosed  four “little cups” within  a curve line

(which seems a “camunian rose”,  whereas  those  outsides are represented by  images having  form   of stars . It is very  similar to that of  “Nadro Foppe”, and let us to think  that camunian roses could be an  indicators of living centers  so as the egyptian  determinative for “city”.   http://www.wwmm.org/storie/storia.asp?id_storia


Table 17 :  Comparaison among Vucedol rose (at the left) and camunian


          www.comune.pisa.it/…/rosacam_p.jpg http://www.wwmm.org/storie/storia.asp?id_storia


Vucedol culture developed  between   3000 e il 2.400  b..C. was very able to work the  copper  has been documented near  Vukovar, to the present at  the eastern  confine   of  Croatia and Serbia into a middle way   between Hungary and Bosnia, where Danube River and Vuka are meeting. http://www.adquintum.info/Rosa/rosa3.html

I  could  not to be astonished  if  further  careful investigations will bring out  decoding  quoted  roots  (and others  paleolanguage roots as  Annone Lake  “Cur-one” Pak and  so on, bringing to the dentification  of Camuni (hnmmt ?)” and Raetic peoples  ( rhyt?)with ethno-cultural groups coming out from Egypt

 Is it the question of  the mysterious “People of the sun  of Heliopolitan  Theology?”

Here some   evidences. into others maps engraved on rocks, with  topographic composition into Archeological Park of Bedolina-Seradina -Capo of Ponte (Brescia) (Morretta A.  2006 pp 30-40


Table  18: Rock  Bedolina : topographic map flanked by  a camunian rose  http://www.archeocamuni.it/images/img132.jpg

(Morretta A. 2006 p.31)



Table 19 : Rock Bedolina : topographic map with pointed sun




Morretta A. ( 2006 p. 34)


Table 20:  Camunian rose  with pointed sun



720 x 470 – 146k – jpg – www.themodernantiquarian.com/…/10674.jpg

compared with



Heliopolis written by hieroglyphs  



 Please to  observe how Tehenu palette  is similar

Table  21 :Tehenu palette Cairo Mus. C.G. 14238

684 x 1174 – 197k – jpg – xoomer.virgilio.it/…/palettes/tehenu.jpg




side of the Libyan Palette containing  seven ‘cities’ identified by their hieroglyphs, shown within each city wall. Above each city is depicted an animal (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Libyan_Palette )


Unfortunately  the very important heritage of  Rock Art,  is leaved to inclemency of the weather and to  many forms of vandalism in vain  denounced by several organizations and  experts

(http://www.google.it/search?hl=it&q=vandalismi+arte+preistorica&btnG=Cerca+con+Google&meta=&rlz=1W1GPEA_it&aq=f&oq= Cerca con Google.mht )

 not only in Val Camonica


but also all over the world


and from Unesco :  www.unesco.beniculturali.it/getFile.php?id=61 http://www.google.it/search?hl=it&rlz=1W1GPEA_it&q=umberto+sansoni++ccsp+memoria+ferita&btnG=Cerca&meta=

by  Seglie D (2004); Seglie D.(2008):  (http://oscarb1.blogspot.com/2008/12/arte-rupestre.html- and Seglie D.(2009)

and by   Dipartimento C.C.S.P. (Sansoni U..2008) http://www.simbolisullaroccia.it/archivio/memoriaferita.htm



How to save our  precious but  wounded and enjured  memory

http://www.geofilosofia.it/news/Manifesto_Valcamonica.pd f 

Fortunately  by this point of view  Ello’s Menhir  is a good example of conservation and tutelage , because it  is  preserved into the Archaeological  Museum of Lecco



Table 22 : Ello Menhir  preservd into Archaeological Museum of Lecco



but this form of conservation  is  practicable only  for  little objects

By consequences  it is very  necessary and  urgent to elaborate  an Eco-Museum Project

by which  to succeed   not only in  protecting   this  Rock Art valuable heritage, but also into studying it by appropriated method of decoding   coming out from a new hitherto unknown alliance between Anthropology and Ecomuseology, I named “Eco-Museums Antropology”. It must to be considered as an emergent transdisciplinary field of Theoretical and practical investigations which can regenerate both of them   http://www.interactions-online.com; in www.ecoantropologia.net. It is founded on the new Paradigm: the “Anthropology of Environmental Culture”,centred on the innovator concept of “Eco-source (Bertocchi A. 2003; 2007; 2009 c)


With the purpose to gather necessaries collaborations, I propose

-to found ” a new Society: the “ECO MUSEUM ANTHROPOLOGICAL SOCIETY” aiming the goal to gate not only to find Ecomuseums  having  a naturalistic tipology , but also to transform “every DEA Museum in a network of Integrated Eco-museum of environment, inside which an innovator LAB of “Anthropology of Environment Culture” could take up in Eco-sources study, some team-works compounded by physical and cultural anthropologists.
Then the Cultural History (Ethnohistory), will be recognized as an integral part of Natural History, and man will be able, while is correcting pathologies of Epistemology, to correct the serious errors of behaviour, which have bring him to the present crisis and, succeeding to pass through it, to be good at re-open to next generations, the horizon of the future.”(Bertocchi A. 2003)

– The ecomuseums approach  is also characterized by  a  strong  involving of local  population

students and teachers of  school  o every degree and University   and cultural institutions operating on the territory –


This paper proposes  to the reflections of the Conference  rapporteurs,  some result of the application  of the principle of my new  systemic method  which  can demonstrate to be able to  investigate into  profound meanings of immaterial culture which has over all an ecomuseums importance ( Bertocchi A. 2009 b)

I hope to be succed  into demonstrating  the validity of my  systemic approach, putting  in evidence  recursive relationships between egyptian determinatives of three-tailed  sun  and  camunian and retich symbol engraved  on Ello  Menhir and in more others  places of Alpine Arc .

I have also shown a model of  the method intedisciplinary and scientific of my research,   the hypothesis it brings  out, being  of a scientific type , because it demands,  both to be confirmed and to be  contradicted the utilization of scientific tools

In any case, it is necessary  to assemble into an équipe , several  expert coming by  many fields of  knowledge (for example: in our case. by Archaeology, Egyptology, Prehistoric Art, Paleo- Language Sciences , Comparative History of Religion, and Oral Traditions  Ethnohistory , Genethics of Population, Archaeoastronomy,  Evolutionary Biology, History of Agriculture and  breeding


In this way we could take action in corrected investigations of a precious Heritage, and validate the hypothesis  of  a frequentation of  Northern Italy by migratory waves coming out  to the Nile Delta, getting up Adriatic See and reaching Alpine zone by the tributaries of  the Po River.

The interest of  Prehistoric Art Studies and the results,  make necessary  and urgent an

Eco-Museums Project of Alpine Prehistoric Art.






Antonia Bertocchi










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